Hydrogen Production by Water Splitting
Water splitting is the general term for a chemical reaction in which water is separated into oxygen and hydrogen. Efficient and economical water splitting would be a key technology component of a hydrogen economy. Various techniques for water splitting have been issued in water splitting patents in the United States.
Electrolysis of water is the decomposition of water (H2O) into oxygen (O2) and hydrogen gas (H2) due to an electric current being passed through the water. In chemistry and manufacturing, electrolysis is a method of separating chemically bonded elements and compounds by passing an electric current through them. One important use of electrolysis of water is to produce hydrogen.
This hydrogen when employed in a fuel cell, can produce electricity. However, production of hydrogen from water requires large amounts of energy and is uncompetitive with production from coal or natural gas.
See also: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_splitting
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